It's hard to step back when your child is feeling big emotions. Here are some tips for responding when your child refuses to be comforted. Great for parents, but also for teachers/educators dealing with these behaviors.
For the basement stairs: cabinets, stairs with flip up steps and very narrow stairs. Each step goes up one at a time for each foot. It is sort of spaced so you are putting one foot per step with a steeper step. Very space-saving.