An Era of Elegance
The Georgian Era
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18th Century Fashion
Afternoon dress, ca 1785 England, the Victoria & Albert Museum In the 1770s and 1780s printed cotton fabrics began to replace silk in popularity for women’s gowns. The material of this gown has a dotted ground and is printed in a repeating pattern of floral sprays. The gown has a fitted back and open front below the waist, revealing a petticoat of the same fabric. The lack of decoration and use of cotton instead of silk indicates that this gown was probably worn during summer afternoons for
Meissen Chinoiserie Travelling Tea and Coffee Service, 1723, in original Case by Johann Gregorius Höroldt Consisting of: The original case, six cups with saucers, one teapot with K.P.M. and swords mark, one bowl, one coffeepot, one tea caddy, one suger box with K.P.F. mark, six Augsburg silver gilded spoons.
Brunswick, France, 1765-1775, silk. This garment represents an 18th-century style of jacket known as a Brunswick. A shortened version of the formal sack-back dress, the Brunswick became popular in the 1760s for travelling and informal dress. Although this example has a hood, the very fine watered silk suggests it was intended for casual day wear rather than the rigours of 18th-century travel.
Blue silk brocade mantua with silver-gilt thread embroidery, English, ca. 1720-30. "By the early 18th C., the mantua was worn by women as formal day wear. The train of the gown is folded up and the sides held back with a loop and button. This complicated draping required a reversal of the silk when sewn together, so that only the right side of the fabric would show when properly arranged."
This gown demonstrates the fashionable styles in women’s formal dress of the 1780s. The hoop has changed from the square shape of earlier decades to a round profile. A stomacher is no longer needed, because the gown now meets in the front. The cream silk is adorned only at the edges with an embroidered band, ribbon and a stencilled fringe. This restraint in decoration illustrates the growing influence of the Neo-classical style in textile design.
PARIS LABEL 1770s STYLE FANCY DRESS BALL COSTUME, c. 1880. Rose pink silk satin having front lacing boned bodice with 3/4 sleeve and ruched three lobe overskirt, cream silk faille underskirt lavishly decorated with flowering vines in polychrome silk and metallic gold satin stitch embroidery. Matching pink satin shoes with embroidered bow and Louis heel. Embroidered cream silk stockings. Petersham label "Mme. Frapart Paris 6. Rue Blanche"
Georgian Wooden Doll Gown, 1700's, Northern Italy - Original jointed body with well-shaped elongated legs - Hands restored - Human hair wig, Woven-silk gown with homespun lining, Bone-shaped bodice with back lacing closure, Sleeves with silk tie ribbons Gilt metallic borders - Original Chemise, Petticoat, Hand-woven stockings, Hand-stitched sandals with Gemstone accents and Silk (matching gown) Soles. Theriaults.com
Bourdaloue - chamber pot for ladies - 1750s. A necessary item when wearing hooped petticoats and layers. Women could use them standing up with the aid of their chambermaid. Note how the shape conforms to the female form. A good item to have also when away from home, travelling. Note this one has a lid!
Toothbrush set, Birmingham, England, 1793. Used while travelling, this ‘morocco cased’ set contains a toothbrush, tongue scraper and toothpowder pot all made from silver. Tongue scrapers were used to remove the ‘furry’ deposits on the tongue that could develop after eating and drinking. Toothpowder was rubbed into the teeth and gums to clean them. A number of different recipes were created. Many included cloves, cinnamon, honey and even finely ground cuttle-fish bones.