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Pope Urban II preached the First Crusade in 1095.  The Crusades were a series of battles against the Muslims for the Holy Land.

Pope Urban II preached the First Crusade in 1095. The Crusades were a series of battles against the Muslims for the Holy Land.

King Richard I (the Lionheart) massacres 2700 Saracens, 1191.

King Richard I (the Lionheart) massacres 2700 Saracens, 1191.

Crusades - Facts & Summary - HISTORY.com. This source adds a whole new perspective on oppression because it is from a time period not used in any other sources. We see religious oppression through the use of articles and movies. This is a great addition to our text set, because it allows the students to see a source other than a book.

Crusades - Facts & Summary - HISTORY.com. This source adds a whole new perspective on oppression because it is from a time period not used in any other sources. We see religious oppression through the use of articles and movies. This is a great addition to our text set, because it allows the students to see a source other than a book.

Guy de Lusignan was King of Crusader Kingdom of Jerusalem. His overconfident Crusader forces, became trapped in a waterless desert area, and thus became easy prey for the Ayyubid forces of Sultan Salah-ud-din al-Ayyubi in The Battle of Hattin in 1187.  As a direct result of the battle, Islamic forces re-conquered Jerusalem and several other Crusader-held cities.These Christian defeats prompted the Third Crusade, which began two years after the Battle of Hattin.

Guy de Lusignan was King of Crusader Kingdom of Jerusalem. His overconfident Crusader forces, became trapped in a waterless desert area, and thus became easy prey for the Ayyubid forces of Sultan Salah-ud-din al-Ayyubi in The Battle of Hattin in 1187. As a direct result of the battle, Islamic forces re-conquered Jerusalem and several other Crusader-held cities.These Christian defeats prompted the Third Crusade, which began two years after the Battle of Hattin.

The Battle of Montgisard, 1177 Between Saladin the leader of the Muslim Ayyubids VS. the Kingdom of Jerusalem  led by Baldwin IV of Jerusalem & Raynald de Châtillon, The Muslim army was defeated.  معركة مونتجيسارد 1177، وقعت مابينصلاح الدين الأيوبي من الجانب الإسلامي في مواجهة التحالف الصليبي بقيادة بولدوين ملك  مملكة بيت المقدس الصليبية و رينولد دي شاتيو  لم يكن النصر حليف المسلمين في هذه المعركة.

The Battle of Montgisard, 1177 Between Saladin the leader of the Muslim Ayyubids VS. the Kingdom of Jerusalem led by Baldwin IV of Jerusalem & Raynald de Châtillon, The Muslim army was defeated. معركة مونتجيسارد 1177، وقعت مابينصلاح الدين الأيوبي من الجانب الإسلامي في مواجهة التحالف الصليبي بقيادة بولدوين ملك مملكة بيت المقدس الصليبية و رينولد دي شاتيو لم يكن النصر حليف المسلمين في هذه المعركة.

SALADIN (SALAH AL-DIN YUSUF IBN AYYUB)

SALADIN (SALAH AL-DIN YUSUF IBN AYYUB)

The Battle of Hattin, from a 15th-century manuscript. The Battle of Hattin of July 4th, 1187 saw Saladin's forces inflict a huge defeat over the army of the Latin Kingdom of Jerusalem. The impact on the history of the crusader states was decisive: within months, Jerusalem had fallen.

The Battle of Hattin, from a 15th-century manuscript. The Battle of Hattin of July 4th, 1187 saw Saladin's forces inflict a huge defeat over the army of the Latin Kingdom of Jerusalem. The impact on the history of the crusader states was decisive: within months, Jerusalem had fallen.

First Crusade

First Crusade

Pope Urban II

Pope Urban II

Battle of Muret on 12 September 1213 the Crusading army of Simon IV de Montfort defeated the Catharist, Aragonese and Catalan forces of Peter II of Aragon, at Muret near Toulouse.  When Montfort's first squadron charged the field, the Aragonese cavalry was crushed and Peter himself was unhorsed. He cried out, "I am the king!" but was killed regardless. With the realization that their king had been killed, the Aragonese forces broke in panic and fled, pursued by Montfort's Crusaders.

Battle of Muret on 12 September 1213 the Crusading army of Simon IV de Montfort defeated the Catharist, Aragonese and Catalan forces of Peter II of Aragon, at Muret near Toulouse. When Montfort's first squadron charged the field, the Aragonese cavalry was crushed and Peter himself was unhorsed. He cried out, "I am the king!" but was killed regardless. With the realization that their king had been killed, the Aragonese forces broke in panic and fled, pursued by Montfort's Crusaders.

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