Newmarket, Suffolk is historic headquarters of racing. Its Palace House is the surviving part of a grand house built for King Charles II during the 17th century. A Grade II listed building, it was taken over by the local authority in 1992 and underwent a major rebuilding and restoration programme. Interesting that Charles II not only visited Newmarket races he also rode in them himself. The Rowley Mile (which remains to this day) was named after the most famous stallion of the day.