1872 Norwegian Hardanger fiddle at the Victoria and Albert Museum, London - From the curators' comments: "The Hardanger fiddle is a Norwegian variant of the violin, dating from about 1650. It is strung with eight strings, four of which vibrate while a bow plays the others....Hardanger fiddles are used for folk singing, dances and wedding processions. Edvard Grieg (1842-1907), Norway's greatest composer, incorporated the traditional melodies played on such fiddles into his compositions."
The opening song of the film, "Eatnemen Vuelie" ("Song of the Earth"), features the traditional Sami style of singing known as joiking. The tune was written by an actual Sami musician and composer named Frode Fjellheim. Norwegian Sami President Aili Keskitalo commended Fjellheim for his musical contributions to 'Frozen' while giving the 2014 New Year's speech. Sami media in Norway approved of 'Frozen's for bringing awareness of the culture and joiking to a larger audience.
Edvard Grieg was a Norwegian composer whose musical inspiration came from the folk music and folk stories of his homeland. He wrote a range of musical forms, but concentrated primarily on piano compositions. His most popular music was written