Silk embroidered cotton. Late-ottoman era, early 20th century. Probably a ‘yağlık’ (large handkerchief, usually worn in the waist belt). Or a ‘peşkir’ (towel), that also could be used as an apron in festive women’s costumes (generally in Thrace and northwestern Anatolia). This is ‘two-sided embroidery’ (front and rear are identical). Technique: ‘pesend’ (double running stitch).