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Albatros D.V Jasta 3, Vzfw Karl Menckhoff (14 April 1883 - 11 January 1949) was a German WWI fighter ace, credited with 39 confirmed victories. Already in his 30s when he learned to fly, he was one of the oldest pilots in the Imperial German Air Service. He won the Pour le Mérite ("Blue Max"), and was given a squadron command. Menckhoff was held as a prisoner of war, along with many other German pilots, at Camp Montoire, near Orléans.

Albatros D.V Jasta 3, Vzfw Karl Menckhoff (14 April 1883 - 11 January 1949) was a German WWI fighter ace, credited with 39 confirmed victories. Already in his 30s when he learned to fly, he was one of the oldest pilots in the Imperial German Air Service. He won the Pour le Mérite ("Blue Max"), and was given a squadron command. Menckhoff was held as a prisoner of war, along with many other German pilots, at Camp Montoire, near Orléans.

Voisin Type 8 - "Norman Prince" Training slide for pilots and mechanics.  From the Robert McKenzie fonds, PR1991.0305/17.

Voisin Type 8 - "Norman Prince" Training slide for pilots and mechanics. From the Robert McKenzie fonds, PR1991.0305/17.

Fokker Dr 1 - inspired by the success of the Sopwith Triplane, this famous aircraft entered service in summer 1917, and though not fast was much more manoeuvrable than the contemporary Albatros / Pfalz.  Despite occasional alarming structural failures it was a favourite of leading pilots: von Richthofen and Voss both died flying them.

Fokker Dr 1 - inspired by the success of the Sopwith Triplane, this famous aircraft entered service in summer 1917, and though not fast was much more manoeuvrable than the contemporary Albatros / Pfalz. Despite occasional alarming structural failures it was a favourite of leading pilots: von Richthofen and Voss both died flying them.

1914 - 1918 The Great War  An unusual view of an Albatros D III, the fighter most commonly encountered by Allied pilots during 1917.

1914 - 1918 The Great War An unusual view of an Albatros D III, the fighter most commonly encountered by Allied pilots during 1917.

Karl Menckhoff's Fokker D.VII of Jasta 72 (marked with prominent letter "M"s) at Bergnicourt, July 1918.  Menckhoff was credited with 39 confirmed victories. Already in his 30s when he learned to fly, he was one of the oldest pilots in the Imperial German Air Service. He won the Pour le Mérite ("Blue Max"), and was given a squadron command. Menckhoff became a prisoner of war, along with many other German pilots, at Camp Montoire, near Orléans.

Karl Menckhoff's Fokker D.VII of Jasta 72 (marked with prominent letter "M"s) at Bergnicourt, July 1918. Menckhoff was credited with 39 confirmed victories. Already in his 30s when he learned to fly, he was one of the oldest pilots in the Imperial German Air Service. He won the Pour le Mérite ("Blue Max"), and was given a squadron command. Menckhoff became a prisoner of war, along with many other German pilots, at Camp Montoire, near Orléans.

Gotthard Sachsenberg (6 December 1891 - 23 August 1961) was a German World War I fighter ace with 31 victories. He claimed his 9th victory on 17 March 1918, and continued to score steadily until 29 October 1918, when he downed his 31st confirmed. Midway through this run, Sachsenberg was awarded Prussia's and Germany's highest decoration, the Pour le Mérite, on 5 August 1918. He went on to command the world's first naval air wing.

Gotthard Sachsenberg (6 December 1891 - 23 August 1961) was a German World War I fighter ace with 31 victories. He claimed his 9th victory on 17 March 1918, and continued to score steadily until 29 October 1918, when he downed his 31st confirmed. Midway through this run, Sachsenberg was awarded Prussia's and Germany's highest decoration, the Pour le Mérite, on 5 August 1918. He went on to command the world's first naval air wing.

Robert Ritter von Greim (1892-06-22 - 1945-05-24) was a World War I fighter ace with 28 shot down planes and a German Field Marshal in WW II.

Robert Ritter von Greim (1892-06-22 - 1945-05-24) was a World War I fighter ace with 28 shot down planes and a German Field Marshal in WW II.

WW1 German Fighter Ace Oscar Hennrich, 20 Kills, Jasta 46

WW1 German Fighter Ace Oscar Hennrich, 20 Kills, Jasta 46

Jasta 2 (known as Jasta Boelcke) was one of the best-known German Luftstreitkräfte Squadrons in World War I. Its first commanding officer was the great aerial tactician Oswald Boelcke, one Germany's premiere fighter aces, and it was the incubator of several notable aviation careers. Renamed Jasta "Boelcke". Her are two Jasta "Boelcke" fighters. 25 aces served with Jasta 2 at some time or other including Paul Bäumer, Karl Bolle, Werner Voss, Ernst Bormann and Manfred von Richthofen.

Jasta 2 (known as Jasta Boelcke) was one of the best-known German Luftstreitkräfte Squadrons in World War I. Its first commanding officer was the great aerial tactician Oswald Boelcke, one Germany's premiere fighter aces, and it was the incubator of several notable aviation careers. Renamed Jasta "Boelcke". Her are two Jasta "Boelcke" fighters. 25 aces served with Jasta 2 at some time or other including Paul Bäumer, Karl Bolle, Werner Voss, Ernst Bormann and Manfred von Richthofen.

World War One German Aviator Oblt. Karl Bolle by San Diego Air & Space Museum Archives, via Flickr

World War One German Aviator Oblt. Karl Bolle by San Diego Air & Space Museum Archives, via Flickr

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