Ekranoplan Casspian The Russian Tank-Ship-Plane. Not exactly a plane but still cool. It flies just over the water because of ground effect. So it can haul a heavy load very efficiently compared to getting it up to altitude. Or floating.
configured at the time as a testbed to investigate structural failures, still flying after its vertical stabilizer sheared off in severe turbulence on 10 January The aircraft eventually landed safely and remained in service until