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The myth: Neanderthals couldn’t speak; they grunted    It has been long believed that Neanderthals couldn’t speak like humans – having only a basic capacity for sound in their throats, but in 1983, scientists found a Neanderthal hyoid bone at a cave in Israel which was identical to that of modern humans. This means that their capacity for speech is the same as our own. There is no reason to believe that they did not have at least a basic system of vocal communication.

The myth: Neanderthals couldn’t speak; they grunted It has been long believed…

Research suggests Neanderthals may have overlapped with modern humans for 2,600 to 5,400 years, opening the door for genetic and cultural exchanges between them. Learn more with Live Science. (Image: Mauro Cutrona)

Humans Did Not Wipe Out the Neanderthals, New Research Suggests

Humans Broke Off Neanderthal Sex After Discovering Eurasia ~ We may have last swapped genes with Neanderthals as recently as years ago.

Many of the genes that help determine most people's skin and hair are more Neanderthal than not, according to two new studies that look at the DNA fossils hidden in the modern human genome.

How Neanderthal are you? Check your hair and skin

Two news studies found Neanderthals likely bred longer with ancestors of Asians than Europeans, resulting in higher levels of Neanderthal DNA in modern East Asians.

A new analysis suggests that an older Neanderthal from nearly 50,000 years ago, ended up being deaf and most likely depended on his friends in order to survive, after he had suffered several injuries and other deterioration.

A new analysis suggests that an older Neanderthal from nearly years ago, ended up being deaf and most likely depended on his friends in order to survive, after he had suffered several injuries and other deterioration.

Thanks to a spot of prehistoric hanky-panky, many of us carry Neanderthal genes. What is this rogue DNA doing?

What did the Neanderthals do for us?

Neanderthals gave us genes that influence diseases (Credit: Entressangle/Daynes/SPL)

The discovery of 4,000-year-old preserved brains that were boiled in their own juice is resonating across the scientific world. The preserved brains, which date back to the Bronze Age will not only shed light on the brain activities of the ancient people but also add to the knowledge of paleontology and forensics, according to Meriç Adil Altınöz, among the scientists to analyze the brains that were excavated from the Seyitömer excavation site, in Turkey’s western province of Kütahya.

More on Discovery of Bronze Age boiled brains in Kütahya One of the human skeletons with well preserved brain lying in situ [Credit: Hurriyet]

Reconstruction of a Neanderthal child from Gibraltar by the Anthropological Institute, University of Zürich

Reconstruction of a Neanderthal child from Gibraltar by the Anthropological Institute, University of Zürich. non-African people are Neanderthal.

Mitochondrial Eve

Mitochondrial Eve, ca. BCE Not the 'first woman' but the woman all living humans can now directly trace their ancestry to via their mitochondrial DNA.

This infant was found in Greenland along with other bodies of women and children,mummified by cold

This infant was found in Greenland along with other bodies of women and children,mummified by cold

If you saw the man above in a suit walking down the street, you would not think anything of it.

Top 10 Misconceptions About Neanderthals - Listverse

Fifth+of+Neanderthals'+genetic+code+lives+on+in+modern+humans

Fifth of Neanderthals' genetic code lives on in modern humans

Many of the Neanderthal genes that live on in people today are involved in making keratin, a protein used in skin, hair and nails. Photograph: Jose A Astor/Alamy

White skin developed in Europe only as recently as 8,000 years ago ~ Based on 83 human samples from Holocene Europe as analyzed under the 1000 Genomes Project, we now know that for the majority of the time that humans have lived in Europe, the people had dark skin, and the genes signifying light skin only appear within the past 8,000 years. This recent and relatively quick process of natural selection suggests that the traits which spread rapidly were advantageous within that environment.

White skin developed in Europe only as recently as years ago ~ Based on

Recently discovered skeletal remains in Italy, which date 30,000 to 40,000 years old, are possibly those of a hybrid between a Neanderthal (Homo neanderthalensis or Homo sapiens neanderthalensis) and human (Homo sapiens)! The individual's lower jaw is currently being examined, and it seems to indicate a hominin which had a face that looked intermediate between a Neanderthal and modern human. Genetic analysis -> female Neanderthal and a male Homo sapiens.

Recently discovered skeletal remains in Italy, which date to years…

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