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Crown of Castille and Leon.    Worn by Sancho IV the Brave (12 May 1258 – 25 April 1295) was the King of Castile, León and Galicia from 1284 to his death. He was the second son of Alfonso X and Yolanda, daughter of James I of Aragon.

Crown of Castille and Leon. Worn by Sancho IV the Brave (12 May 1258 – 25 April 1295) was the King of Castile, León and Galicia from 1284 to his death. He was the second son of Alfonso X and Yolanda, daughter of James I of Aragon.

Crown, early 19th century, gold, diamonds, 8 sapphires, a zircon and 8 quartzes. Donated by Queen Maria Theresa, a consort of King Vittorio Emanuele I di Savoia in 1820

Crown, early 19th century, gold, diamonds, 8 sapphires, a zircon and 8 quartzes. Donated by Queen Maria Theresa, a consort of King Vittorio Emanuele I di Savoia in 1820

Polish Crown Jewels Crown of Władysław IV Vasa.  Władysław IV Vasa was a Polish and Swedish prince from the House of Vasa. He reigned as King of Poland from 8 November 1632 to his death in 1648. Władysław IV was the son of Sigismund III Vasa and his wife, Anna of Austria. Wikipedia

Polish Crown Jewels Crown of Władysław IV Vasa. Władysław IV Vasa was a Polish and Swedish prince from the House of Vasa. He reigned as King of Poland from 8 November 1632 to his death in 1648. Władysław IV was the son of Sigismund III Vasa and his wife, Anna of Austria. Wikipedia

Crown worn by Constance of Aragon (1179-1222) is housed in the treasury at Palermo’s cathedral. It is a fascinating example of uniquely Sicilian jewelry-design, exploiting Byzantine, Norman, and Arab influences. It is donned with precious stones like sapphires and rubies, in addition to pearls, gold, and other intricate detailing.

Crown worn by Constance of Aragon (1179-1222) is housed in the treasury at Palermo’s cathedral. It is a fascinating example of uniquely Sicilian jewelry-design, exploiting Byzantine, Norman, and Arab influences. It is donned with precious stones like sapphires and rubies, in addition to pearls, gold, and other intricate detailing.

Visigoth "votive crown" of King Recceswinth of Hispania,7th century,(653–672). The hanging letters are Latin and spell "R]ECCESVINTUS REX OFFERET [King R. offers this."

Visigoth "votive crown" of King Recceswinth of Hispania,7th century,(653–672). The hanging letters are Latin and spell "R]ECCESVINTUS REX OFFERET [King R. offers this."

6000-yr-old crown found in Dead Sea cave revealed. The crown was discovered in a remote cave in the Judaean Desert near the Dead Sea in 1961 among 100s of other objects from the period. Known as the ‘Nahal Mishar Hoard’, more than 400 objects were discovered in the cave which became known as the ‘Cave of the Treasure’. The ancient relic, which dates back to the Copper Age between 4000–3300 BC, is shaped like a thick ring & features vultures & doors protruding from the top

6000-yr-old crown found in Dead Sea cave revealed. The crown was discovered in a remote cave in the Judaean Desert near the Dead Sea in 1961 among 100s of other objects from the period. Known as the ‘Nahal Mishar Hoard’, more than 400 objects were discovered in the cave which became known as the ‘Cave of the Treasure’. The ancient relic, which dates back to the Copper Age between 4000–3300 BC, is shaped like a thick ring & features vultures & doors protruding from the top

The Kunigunde Crown:   One of the earliest known royal symbols is the Kunigunde crown. The crown belonged to the wife of the Emperor Henry II of Bavaria, the Empress Kunigunde. This crown was made around the early 10th century before Bavaria became a kingdom.

The Kunigunde Crown: One of the earliest known royal symbols is the Kunigunde crown. The crown belonged to the wife of the Emperor Henry II of Bavaria, the Empress Kunigunde. This crown was made around the early 10th century before Bavaria became a kingdom.

A Crown, from Saxony. 3rd quater 17th century. Gilded brass, rock crystal, and painted enamel. May have been an elaborate piece of costume jewellery. At the Staatliche Kunstsammlungen Dresden.

A Crown, from Saxony. 3rd quater 17th century. Gilded brass, rock crystal, and painted enamel. May have been an elaborate piece of costume jewellery. At the Staatliche Kunstsammlungen Dresden.

Crown, Hungary, 14th century, gold, cabochon stones, found among the ruins of Várad cathedral, On the death of her father in 1382, Sigismund of Luxemburg (1368-1437)'s  betrothed, Mary, became queen of Hungary and Sigismund married her in 1385 in Zólyom (today Zvolen). The next year, he was accepted as Mary's future co-ruler by the Treaty of Győr. @ Hungarian National Museum http://andrejkoymasky.com/liv/cro/eu1/aus18.html

Crown, Hungary, 14th century, gold, cabochon stones, found among the ruins of Várad cathedral, On the death of her father in 1382, Sigismund of Luxemburg (1368-1437)'s betrothed, Mary, became queen of Hungary and Sigismund married her in 1385 in Zólyom (today Zvolen). The next year, he was accepted as Mary's future co-ruler by the Treaty of Győr. @ Hungarian National Museum http://andrejkoymasky.com/liv/cro/eu1/aus18.html

Crown of St. Wenceslaus: The crown was made in 1347 for the eleventh king of Bohemia (and Holy Roman Emperor) Charles IV. It is wrought of extremely pure gold and decorated with 19 sapphires, 44 spinels, 1 ruby, 30 emeralds and 20 pearls. Charles dedicated the crown to Saint Wenceslas, the patron saint of Bohemia

Crown of St. Wenceslaus: The crown was made in 1347 for the eleventh king of Bohemia (and Holy Roman Emperor) Charles IV. It is wrought of extremely pure gold and decorated with 19 sapphires, 44 spinels, 1 ruby, 30 emeralds and 20 pearls. Charles dedicated the crown to Saint Wenceslas, the patron saint of Bohemia

Lady Margaret Plantagenet Crown worn at her wedding on 9th July 1468 to Charles the Bold of Bruges, it bears her name and the white roses of York in coloured enamel and is encrusted with pearls

Lady Margaret Plantagenet Crown worn at her wedding on 9th July 1468 to Charles the Bold of Bruges, it bears her name and the white roses of York in coloured enamel and is encrusted with pearls

Funerary Crown of Holy Roman Emperor Henry IV, Speyer Cathedral, Germany (1106).

Funerary Crown of Holy Roman Emperor Henry IV, Speyer Cathedral, Germany (1106).

Sweden /Stockholm/ State Historical Museum (Permanent Display 1relic crown, 1 medieval circlet). Crown of St.Elizabeth. Frederick II, Holy Roman Emperor

Sweden /Stockholm/ State Historical Museum (Permanent Display 1relic crown, 1 medieval circlet). Crown of St.Elizabeth. Frederick II, Holy Roman Emperor

Queen Victoria’s famous miniature crown, containing 1,200 diamonds.  I hesitated about including this in a pin, because it's a ridiculous little object, really.  But still.  It sparkles.

The Queen of Diamonds: On show at the Palace, a dazzling collection of jubilee jewels

Queen Victoria’s famous miniature crown, containing 1,200 diamonds. I hesitated about including this in a pin, because it's a ridiculous little object, really. But still. It sparkles.

Scottish Crown Jewels

Scottish Crown Jewels

The Norwegian king´s crown was commissioned by King Carl XIV Johan for his coronation in 1818. Since then, it has been used at four coronations and has had a prominent place at two benedictions. It has also been placed on the coffin of the deceased monarch since King Carl Johan´s death in 1844.

The Norwegian king´s crown was commissioned by King Carl XIV Johan for his coronation in 1818. Since then, it has been used at four coronations and has had a prominent place at two benedictions. It has also been placed on the coffin of the deceased monarch since King Carl Johan´s death in 1844.