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Katherine de Roet-Swynford (c.1350-1403), mistress & eventual 3rd wife of Plantagenet Prince John of Gaunt (and as such, Duchess of Lancaster), ancestress of the Tudor line.

Katherine de Roet-Swynford (c.1350-1403), mistress & eventual 3rd wife of Plantagenet Prince John of Gaunt (and as such, Duchess of Lancaster), ancestress of the Tudor line.

Mary de Bohun (c. 1368 – 4 June 1394) was the daughter of Humphrey de Bohun,7th Earl of Hereford, and Joan Fitzalan (1347/48–1419),the daughter of Richard FitzAlan,10th Earl of Arundel and Eleanor of Lancaster.She married Henry Bolingbroke,future King Henry IV of England,but at the time of this, his first marriage,he was not in direct line of succession to the throne. Mary was never queen, as she died before Henry came to the throne.

Mary de Bohun (c. 1368 – 4 June 1394) was the daughter of Humphrey de Bohun,7th Earl of Hereford, and Joan Fitzalan (1347/48–1419),the daughter of Richard FitzAlan,10th Earl of Arundel and Eleanor of Lancaster.She married Henry Bolingbroke,future King Henry IV of England,but at the time of this, his first marriage,he was not in direct line of succession to the throne. Mary was never queen, as she died before Henry came to the throne.

Statue of Lady Margaret Beaufort-At the entrance to St John's College chapel. EXCERPT:St. John's was founded in 1511 - officially by Lady Margaret Beaufort, mother of King Henry VII. In truth, though Lady Beaufort was in favour of the plan, she died in 1509, and it was through the efforts of John Fisher, Bishop of Rochester, that permission was obtained from Henry VIII, the pope, and the Bishop of Ely.

Statue of Lady Margaret Beaufort-At the entrance to St John's College chapel. EXCERPT:St. John's was founded in 1511 - officially by Lady Margaret Beaufort, mother of King Henry VII. In truth, though Lady Beaufort was in favour of the plan, she died in 1509, and it was through the efforts of John Fisher, Bishop of Rochester, that permission was obtained from Henry VIII, the pope, and the Bishop of Ely.

A kirtle or, under gown, is a garment worn by men and women in the Middle Ages(15th century), a one-piece garment worn by women from the later Middle Ages into the Baroque period. The kirtle was typically worn over a chemise or smock and under the formal outer garment or gown.kirtle  sotto la veste, è un indumento indossato  nel Medioevo (15 ° secolo), un indumento di un solo pezzo indossato dalle donne  Il kirtle era indossato sopra una camicia o grembiule e sotto il mantello o abito…

A kirtle or, under gown, is a garment worn by men and women in the Middle Ages(15th century), a one-piece garment worn by women from the later Middle Ages into the Baroque period. The kirtle was typically worn over a chemise or smock and under the formal outer garment or gown.kirtle sotto la veste, è un indumento indossato nel Medioevo (15 ° secolo), un indumento di un solo pezzo indossato dalle donne Il kirtle era indossato sopra una camicia o grembiule e sotto il mantello o abito…

Cecily Neville Plantagenet.  Mother of King Edward IV, my 16X great grandmother.

Cecily Neville Plantagenet. Mother of King Edward IV, my 16X great grandmother.

15th c. Sarum Use Book of Hours - Katherine Swynford, a royal mistress who became one of the most crucial figures in the history of Great Britain. Born in the mid-fourteenth century, Katherine de Roët was only twelve when she married Hugh Swynford, an impoverished knight. But her story had truly begun two years earlier, when she was appointed governess to the household of John of Gaunt, Duke of Lancaster and fourth son of King Edward III.

15th c. Sarum Use Book of Hours - Katherine Swynford, a royal mistress who became one of the most crucial figures in the history of Great Britain. Born in the mid-fourteenth century, Katherine de Roët was only twelve when she married Hugh Swynford, an impoverished knight. But her story had truly begun two years earlier, when she was appointed governess to the household of John of Gaunt, Duke of Lancaster and fourth son of King Edward III.

Eleanor of Aquitaine between her son-Richard I and 2nd husband Henry II  Tomb effigy at Fontevrault, France

Eleanor of Aquitaine between her son-Richard I and 2nd husband Henry II Tomb effigy at Fontevrault, France

Katherine Swynford - John of Gaunt's mistress then wife.  Born November 25, 1350.  Died May 10, 1403.  Known as Dowager, Duchess of Lancaster.  Her sister married the poet Geoffrey Chaucer.

Katherine Swynford - John of Gaunt's mistress then wife. Born November 25, 1350. Died May 10, 1403. Known as Dowager, Duchess of Lancaster. Her sister married the poet Geoffrey Chaucer.

Richard III

Graphic: Richard III's injuries and how he died

Richard III

Lancaster Family Tree

Lancaster Family Tree

The entire Merovingian line is transmitted to Plantagenets only through Eleanor of Aquitaine

The entire Merovingian line is transmitted to Plantagenets only through Eleanor of Aquitaine

Katherine Swynford, Duchess of Lancaster became the third wife of John of Gaunt, Duke of Lancaster, a son of King Edward III. Their descendants were members of the Beaufort family, which played a major role in the Wars of the Roses. Henry VII, who became King of England in 1485, derived his claim to the throne from his mother Lady Margaret Beaufort, who was a great-granddaughter of Gaunt and Katherine Swynford.

Katherine Swynford, Duchess of Lancaster became the third wife of John of Gaunt, Duke of Lancaster, a son of King Edward III. Their descendants were members of the Beaufort family, which played a major role in the Wars of the Roses. Henry VII, who became King of England in 1485, derived his claim to the throne from his mother Lady Margaret Beaufort, who was a great-granddaughter of Gaunt and Katherine Swynford.

A Plantagenet prince, the rich and powerful John of Gaunt (1340 - 1399 ). His liaison with a commoner called Katherine Swynford produced four illegitimate children who were given the name Beaufort ( He married Katherine in 1396 and their children, by this time adults, were legitimized).Their son John was the Great-Great Grandfather of King Henry VIII of England.

A Plantagenet prince, the rich and powerful John of Gaunt (1340 - 1399 ). His liaison with a commoner called Katherine Swynford produced four illegitimate children who were given the name Beaufort ( He married Katherine in 1396 and their children, by this time adults, were legitimized).Their son John was the Great-Great Grandfather of King Henry VIII of England.

Katherine Swynford's coat of arms in Ripon Cathedral. She was given the 3 Catherine Wheels as a present by John of Gaunt so that she was able to bear her own coat of arms. It was joined with John of Gaunt's upon their marriage on the 13th January 1396 when she became the Duchess of Lancaster & the premier lady in the realm.

Katherine Swynford's coat of arms in Ripon Cathedral. She was given the 3 Catherine Wheels as a present by John of Gaunt so that she was able to bear her own coat of arms. It was joined with John of Gaunt's upon their marriage on the 13th January 1396 when she became the Duchess of Lancaster & the premier lady in the realm.

Katherine Swynford, Duchess of Lancaster (also spelled Catherine[2]) was the third wife of John of Gaunt, Duke of Lancaster, a son of King Edward III. She had been the Duke's lover for many years before their marriage. The couple's children, born before the marriage, were later legitimated during the reign of the Duke's nephew, King Richard II of England, although with the provision that not they nor their descendants could ever claim the throne of England.

Katherine Swynford, Duchess of Lancaster (also spelled Catherine[2]) was the third wife of John of Gaunt, Duke of Lancaster, a son of King Edward III. She had been the Duke's lover for many years before their marriage. The couple's children, born before the marriage, were later legitimated during the reign of the Duke's nephew, King Richard II of England, although with the provision that not they nor their descendants could ever claim the throne of England.

Kettlethorpe    Actual medieval manor in which the real Katherine Swynford, 3rd wife of John of Gaunt and ancestress to the Tudor line, lived. She is the main character in Anya Seton's "Katherine."  This 14th cen. gateway and the cellars beneath the manor house are all that's left of the manor from her time.

Kettlethorpe Actual medieval manor in which the real Katherine Swynford, 3rd wife of John of Gaunt and ancestress to the Tudor line, lived. She is the main character in Anya Seton's "Katherine." This 14th cen. gateway and the cellars beneath the manor house are all that's left of the manor from her time.