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William Cooper Nell, African-American abolitionist, historian, journalist, and civil servant was born on Dec. 16, 1816. Nell was one of the first people to record extensive African American history (a people's historian!) and an activist for school desegregation in Boston. He launched a petition drive among African American parents in Boston, a first step in the 100 year campaign that led to the Brown v. Board decision.

William Cooper Nell, African-American abolitionist, historian, journalist, and civil servant was born on Dec. Nell was one of the first people to record extensive African American history (a people's historian!) and an activist for school desegr

Charles Patterson: escaped slave from West Virginia, launched his technically innovative auto company in Ohio.

Patterson & Sons Company was a carriage building firm, and the first African American-owned automobile manufacturer. The company was founded by Charles Richard Patterson, who was born into slavery in April 1833 on a plantation in Virginia.

Rev. Pauli Murray: First female African American Episocopal priest and founder of the National Organization for Women (NOW)

Pauli Murray -- Black, queer, feminist, erased from history: Meet the most important legal scholar you've likely never heard of

Born into slavery in 1841, Blanche Kelso Bruce became the first African American to serve a full term in the U.S. Senate, as well as the first African American to preside over the Senate.

US Senator Blanche Kelso Bruce of Mississippi, Republican Served First black Senator to serve full six year term. Only senator to be a former slave. First black man to preside over the U. Enslaved mother and white father.

Dr. Marie Daly was a trailblazer in the field of biochemistry, and was the first African-American woman to earn a Ph.D. in Chemistry. Daly was a pioneer in researching the connection between high cholesterol and heart disease.

Marie Maynard Daly - American chemist who was the first African American woman to earn a Ph. in Chemistry from Columbia University. Daly was a pioneer in researching the connection between high cholesterol and heart disease.

Henry Wesley

An African American in Imperial Russia: the story of Frederick Bruce Thomas

"Black Russian" Fyodor Fyodorovich Tomas (aka Frederick Bruce Thomas) was a Black man born in 1872 to former slaves in Mississippi and went on to become the owner of one of the swankiest restaurants in Moscow

Dr. Barbara Ross-Lee, sister of Diana Ross of The Supremes, became the first African American to be appointed dean of a predominantly white medical school in the United States. In 1993, Ross-Lee became the first African American woman dean of a United States medical school. She remained dean of the College of Osteopathic Medicine of Ohio University until 2001.

In Dr. Barbara Ross-Lee, sister of Diana Ross of The Supremes,became the first African American woman to be appointed dean of a United States medical school. She remained dean of the College of Osteopathic Medicine of Ohio University until

"There is not a nation on the earth guilty of practices more shocking and bloody than are the people of the United States, at this very hour."  - Frederick Douglass; 1852.

Read one of the greatest speeches in American History. Frederick Douglass' What to the American Slave is Your of July. - What to the American Slave is Your Fourth of July?

George Franklin Grant (Sept. 15, 1846 – August 21, 1910) was the first African American professor at Harvard. He was also a Boston dentist, and inventor of a wooden "golf tee". He was born in Oswego, New York to Phillis Pitt and Tudor Elandor Grant. He entered the Harvard School of Dental Medicine in 1868, and graduated in 1870. He then took a position in the department of mechanical dentistry in 1871, making him Harvard University's first African-American faculty member.

George Franklin Grant was the first African American professor at Harvard. He was also a Boston dentist, and an inventor of a wooden golf tee.

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