Female wear reconstructions from grave finds at Várpalota and Orosháza by Ágota Perémi and István Dienes (from a 1993 publication).
The oldest, nearly complete hand-knotted rug dates from the 4th or 5th century B.C.E. and is known as the Pazyryk rug. It was discovered in 1949 by Soviet archaeologists inside the burial tomb of a nomadic tribal chief near Pazyryk in Southern Siberia. The rug was protected from disintegration in the permafrost. The rug's design and construction is relatively sophisticated indicating that rug weaving had been developing for hundreds or even thousands of years. Wool pile foundation.