Bowls lined with plastic wrap and empty paper towel/toilet paper rolls used for molds. Mixed mortor poured in with rod inserted into tubes (sicking out 4' at bottom and aprox 3/4" at top .) Before completely dry a pencil is used to make aprox 1" hole in center of bottom side of caps. When dry, cement patch in a tube glues stems to tops. Use longer end of rod to stick into ground. Paint or leave cement color.