Chief Joseph was a leader of the Wallowa band of Nez Perce. They were indigenous to the Wallowa Valley in northeastern Oregon. He was leader as they were forcibly removed from their ancestral lands to the reservation on Lapwai, Idaho Territory.
On this date in Zitkala Sa was born on the Yankton Indian Reservation in South Dakota. She would go on to write several books, including American Indian Stories, co-write the first Native American opera, and found the National Council of American Indians
Chief Naiche was the final hereditary chief of the Chiricahua band of Apache. Naiche's name, which in English means "meddlesome one" or "mischief maker". He was the youngest son of Cochise. Naiche died on March 1919 in Mescalero, New Mexico.