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Hattusa (Ḫa-at-tu-ša, read “Ḫattuša”) was the capital of the Hittite Empire in the late Bronze Age. It was found to be located near modern Boğazkale, Turkey, within the great loop of the Kızılırmak River (Hittite: Marashantiya; Greek: Halys). Before 2000 BCE, a settlement of the apparently indigenous Hatti people was established on sites that had been occupied even earlier and referred to the site as Hattush. The Hattians built their initial settlement on the high ridge of Büyükkale.

Hattusa (Ḫa-at-tu-ša, read “Ḫattuša”) was the capital of the Hittite Empire in the late Bronze Age. It was found to be located near modern Boğazkale, Turkey, within the great loop of the Kızılırmak River (Hittite: Marashantiya; Greek: Halys). Before 2000 BCE, a settlement of the apparently indigenous Hatti people was established on sites that had been occupied even earlier and referred to the site as Hattush. The Hattians built their initial settlement on the high ridge of Büyükkale.

Mesopotamian Pharmacopeia...  One of the oldest known ancient Mesopotamian medical texts is a collection of 15 prescriptions, written in Sumerian, on a clay tablet, which dates from the Ur III period, or Sumerian Renaissance. It was excavated at the site of the ancient city of Nippur in Mesopotamia (modern Iraq), and is preserved in the University of Pennsylvania Museum of Archaeology and Anthropology. (copy of original tablet)

Mesopotamian Pharmacopeia... One of the oldest known ancient Mesopotamian medical texts is a collection of 15 prescriptions, written in Sumerian, on a clay tablet, which dates from the Ur III period, or Sumerian Renaissance. It was excavated at the site of the ancient city of Nippur in Mesopotamia (modern Iraq), and is preserved in the University of Pennsylvania Museum of Archaeology and Anthropology. (copy of original tablet)

Cappadocia has been populated since the late Bronze Age, hosting civilizations from the Hittites and Assyrians to the Frig, Pers, Byzantine, Seljuk and Ottoman civilizations. Cappadocia is also mentioned as an important Roman province in the Bible's New Testament.~~tko

Cappadocia has been populated since the late Bronze Age, hosting civilizations from the Hittites and Assyrians to the Frig, Pers, Byzantine, Seljuk and Ottoman civilizations. Cappadocia is also mentioned as an important Roman province in the Bible's New Testament.~~tko

Nemrut or Nemrud (Turkish: Nemrut Dağı) is a 2,134 m (7,001 ft) high mountain in southeastern Turkey, notable for the summit where a number of large statues are erected around what is assumed to be a royal tomb from the 1st century BC.

Nemrut or Nemrud (Turkish: Nemrut Dağı) is a 2,134 m (7,001 ft) high mountain in southeastern Turkey, notable for the summit where a number of large statues are erected around what is assumed to be a royal tomb from the 1st century BC.

Archaeologists from Johannes Gutenberg University Mainz have been progressively examining the city since 2002, and have unearthed a mass grave.

Archaeologists from Johannes Gutenberg University Mainz have been progressively examining the city since 2002, and have unearthed a mass grave.

Cyrus the Great - Tomb of Cyrus under the starry sky of Pasargadae, Iran, a UNESCO World Heritage Site (2015)

Cyrus the Great - Tomb of Cyrus under the starry sky of Pasargadae, Iran, a UNESCO World Heritage Site (2015)

Late-Roman era sarcophagus found by Turkish farmer.  A late-Roman era sarcophagus thought to be belonging to the Late Roman Empire was unearthed and transferred to a museum after it was found by a farmer in Turkey's İznik district of Bursa last week. The sarcophagus, which has many relief figures including the ancient god of love  Eros on four sides, was found in an olive grove in Bursa’s İznik district  [Credit: AA]

Late-Roman era sarcophagus found by Turkish farmer. A late-Roman era sarcophagus thought to be belonging to the Late Roman Empire was unearthed and transferred to a museum after it was found by a farmer in Turkey's İznik district of Bursa last week. The sarcophagus, which has many relief figures including the ancient god of love Eros on four sides, was found in an olive grove in Bursa’s İznik district [Credit: AA]

A road from the Roman Empire that has endured the ages...

A road from the Roman Empire that has endured the ages...

Map of Phoenicia (the green shaded area), the Maronite Motherland.

Map of Phoenicia (the green shaded area), the Maronite Motherland.

The ancient Mesopotamian ruins of Dara was an old city built by the Persians. The site dates back to the 6th century BC, and was first established as a military headquarters by Persian King Darius I.  It later was ruled by the Romans who turned it into a strong fortress.   (Located near the Syrian border in south east Turkey.)

Mesopotamian Ruins of Dara in Southeast Turkey : Turkish Travel Blog

The ancient Mesopotamian ruins of Dara was an old city built by the Persians. The site dates back to the 6th century BC, and was first established as a military headquarters by Persian King Darius I. It later was ruled by the Romans who turned it into a strong fortress. (Located near the Syrian border in south east Turkey.)

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