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Tran Quoc Toan (1267–1285) was a marquis of the Trần Dynasty who was well known for his role in the second war of resistance of Đại Việt against the Mongol invasion. He is a symbol of young Vietnamese patriots. This artwork illustrates the story of how he crushed an orange in his hand out of frustration when he learned that he was not allowed to take part in a military conference to plan for the Mongolian invasion due to his young age.
Nguyen Trai (1380–1442) was a brilliant Đại Việt Confucian scholar, a noted poet, a skilled politician and a master tactician under Later Lê dynasty. He was the chief advisor of Lê Lợi during the war to free the country from the Chinese Ming forces. This artwork illustrates him writing “Bình Ngô đại cáo” - the Declaration of Independence from China. In the opening lines of this document, he emphasized that the role of the king is to protect and care for the people.
Feminine Vietnamese clothing of the 13th-15th centuries under the Tran Dynasty. Among other things, the Trần Dynasty are noted for defeating three Mongol invasions, most notably in the decisive Battle of Bạch Đằng River, in 1288. At the beginning of the war, the Đại Việt army suffered several defeats by an overwhelming force which had already conquered a vast area in Asia. Illustration by lilsuika on deviantart.