Edward S. Curtis - In 1906 J. P. Morgan provided Curtis with funds to produce a series on the North American Indian. It was to be in 20 volumes with 1,500 photographs. Morgan was to receive 25 sets and 500 original prints as his method of repayment. 222 complete sets were eventually published. Curtis' goal was not just to photograph, but to document, as much American Indian (Native American) traditional life as possible before that way of life disappeared...
BIGHORN MEDICINE WHEEL: Native American circle of stones used to predict astronomical events. A mysterious pattern of stones sits at the summit of Medicine Mountain, nearly 10,000 feet above the Bighorn Range in Wyoming. Covered by heavy snows for most of the year, the stone configuration reveals itself and its purpose only in the summer months.
De Leon Springs State Park. This second-magnitude spring has seen its share of Florida history. First, Native Americans left burial mounds, a shell mound, and a 6,000-year-old canoe sunk in the spring. Then, in the early 1800s, settlers developed Spring Garden Plantation and a sugar mill. Later in the century, the plantation was destroyed twice, during the Second Seminole War and the Civil War.
Survivors of the Wounded Knee Massacre. [left to right] Brothers White Lance, Joseph Horn Cloud, and Dewey Beard . Joseph Horn Cloud was about sixteen years old when he witnessed the Wounded Knee massacre on December 29, 1890, two other brothers, Frank Horn Cloud and Earnest Horn Cloud also survived, his parents, two brothers, and a sister were killed.
The Five Civilized Tribes of the Southeast Woodlands: The Cherokee, Creek, Choctaw, Chickasaw, and Seminole. The nations rapidly assimilated white culture, raised stock, operated large farms, traded extensively with whites, adopted Christianity, owned Black slaves, and were educated at mission schools. It was the "mixed-bloods" who readily adapted to white civilization; the "traditionalists" did not. The Indian Removal Act of 1830, and the Treaty of New Echota, 1835, led to the Trail of Tears.
Chief Dan George, 7/24/1899 - 8/23/1981, was a chief of the Tsleil-Waufuth Nation located on Burrard Inlet in North Vancouver B.C. Canada. He was also an author, poet and an Academy Award nominated actor. In 1960 at the age of 60 he landed his first acting job. At 71, he won several awards for his role in "Little Big Man" and them acted in many other films like "The Outlaw Josey Wales".
Sacagawea, the daughter of a Shoshone chief, was born around 1788 in Lemhi County, Idaho. At around age 12, she was captured by an enemy tribe and sold to a French-Canadian trapper who made her his wife. In November 1804, she was invited to join the Lewis and Clark expedition as a Shoshone interpreter. After leaving the expedition, she died at Fort Manuel in 1812