Box 1 : Hidden Switches in the Mind : Scientific American
Scientific American is the world's premier magazine of scientific discovery and technological innovation for the general public. Readers turn to it for a deep understanding of how science and technology can influence human affairs and illuminate the natural world.
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A multi-omic map of the lipid-producing yeast Rhodosporidium toruloides
The ability of oleaginous fungi to produce lipids for biofuels remains untapped, in part due to a lack of genetic information required to engineer industrial strains. Zhuet al. present the genome of R. toruloides, and identify transcriptomic and proteomic changes associated with lipid production.
The Pentose Phosphate Pathway: The missing link between hormonal imbalances and carbohydrate metabolism?
TJ.In biochemistry, the pentose phosphate pathway (also called the phosphogluconate pathway and the hexose monophosphate shunt) is a metabolic pathway parallel to glycolysis that generates NADPH and pentoses (5-carbon sugars) as well as Ribose 5-phosphate, a precursor for the synthesis of nucleotides. While it does involve oxidation of glucose, its primary role is anabolic rather than catabolic. There are two distinct phases in the pathway. The first is the oxidative phase, in which NADPH…
Fates of Pyruvate
In determining the fate of pyruvate after glycolysis, two questions need to be asked; 1. Is there oxygen present i.e. aerobic conditions? 2. Are there any mitochondria present to facilitate TCA…