After his father died, Raphael went to the town of Perugia to be an apprentice of the painter Pietro Perugino. For the years that Raphael studied and assisted Perugino, Raphael picked up many artistic perspectives.
Raphael's father, Giovanni Santi, was a painter for the Duke of Urbino, Federigo da Montefeltro. Giovanni taught the young Raphael basic painting techniques and exposed him to the principles of humanistic philosophy at the Duke of Urbino's court.
Raphael was born on April 6, 1483, in Urbino Italy. At the time, Urbino was a cultural center that encouraged the Arts.