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In the early days of X-rays, some doctors didn't recognize that gravity pulled down the internal organs when standing, as they were used to seeing organs in either cadavers or patients lying down during surgery. Thousands of unnecessary operations were performed to tack up 'dropped organs'.

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The TIME Vault: 1955

Pilgrim State Hospital, Brentwood, NY, 1938. A mental patient strapped into a continuous-flow tub. This method was used to calm down the patient. Their bodies were greased, which enabled them to remain in the tub for hours and gradually fall asleep.

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A baby is prepared for an X-ray, 1942

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On Sep 13, 1944, a princess from India lay dead at Dachau concentration camp. She had been tortured by the Nazis, then shot in the head. Her name was Noor Inayat Khan. The Germans knew her only as Nora Baker, a British spy who had gone into occupied France using the code name Madeline. She carried her transmitter from safe house to safe house with the Gestapo trailing her, providing communications for her Resistance unit.

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In 1896 Carl Moritz Schleussner designed special radiographic photo plates for Rontgen. The radiographic plate, which was coated with a special silver bromide emulsion dramatically reduced the exposure time of the x-ray from several minutes to a few seconds

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A day before Adolf Hitler committed suicide in his Berlin bunker, Italian fascist leader Benito Mussolini met a more public end. He and his mistress, Clara Petacci were caught by partisans while trying to flee into Switzerland. On April 29, 1945, the two were shot to death in the small village of Giulino di Mezzegra. Their corpses were then taken to the Piazzale Loreto in Milan and strung up on meat hooks above a gas station. Crowds threw stones at the bodies for several days.

This is the featured Lancaster General Hospital photo from the past. Anyone remember when X-ray machines looked like this?

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Mae Jemison became the first black woman to fly into space in 1992

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Premiers essais du traitement du cancer par les rayons X. First Breats Cancer Treatment

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Nurse wearing a mask as protection against influenza. September 13, 1918. The Influenza Epidemic of 1918.

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