Battle of Lepanto: (October 7, 1571), naval engagement in the waters off southwestern Greece between the allied Christian forces of the Holy League and the Ottoman Turks during an Ottoman campaign...

The battle of Lepanto was one of the largest galley battles in history. Don Juan of Austria's victory ended Turkish operations in the western Mediterranean and destroyed their fleet as well.

Holy Roman emperor (1519–56), king of Spain (as Charles I; 1516–56), and archduke of Austria (as Charles I; 1519–21), who inherited a Spanish and Habsburg empire extending across...

Holy Roman emperor king of Spain (as Charles I; and archduke of Austria (as Charles I; who inherited a Spanish and Habsburg empire extending across.

Amistad mutiny: (July 2, 1839), slave rebellion that took place on the slave ship Amistad near the coast of Cuba and had important political and legal repercussions in the American abolition movement....

Amistad mutiny: (July slave rebellion that took place on the slave ship Amistad near the coast of Cuba and had important political and legal repercussions in the American abolition movement.

Queen consort of Navarre known for her licentiousness and for her Mémoires, a vivid exposition of France during her lifetime. The daughter of Henry II of France and Catherine de...

Margaret of Valois, (sister of Henri II) painting by François Clouet, c. in the Sabauda Gallery, Turin, Italy.

From the acceptance of bribes to tax evasion, claims of corruption and scandal have featured heavily in recent news. But we mustn’t forget that corrupt systems and the unscrupulous individuals w

From Samuel Pepys to Karl Marx, Thomas More, Daniel Defoe and the Biggles Books , here are the best book and literary links in Hertfordshire

Mary II, detail of an oil painting after Willem Wissing; in the National Portrait Gallery, London

Mary II: Queen of England, Scotland, and Ireland and wife of King William III. As the daughter of King James II, she made it possible for her Dutch husband to become co-ruler.

Oliver Cromwell, painting by Robert Walker; in the National Portrait Gallery, London.

Oliver Cromwell, painting by Robert Walker; in the National Portrait Gallery, London.

Guy Fawkes, a conspirator in the Gunpowder Plot, being arrested while attempting to blow up the Houses of Parliament, November 5, 1605.

Guy Fawkes, best-known participant in the Gunpowder Plot to blow up Parliament and James I in its failure is marked in the U. on Guy Fawkes Day.

Sir Walter Raleigh.

Sir Walter Raleigh: English adventurer and writer, a favourite of Queen Elizabeth I, who knighted him in Accused of treason by Elizabeth’s successor, James I, he was imprisoned in the Tower.

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