Tom Larsen

Tom Larsen

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Vindolanda, a Roman auxiliary fort in Northumberland just south of Hadrian's Wall, is a huge motherlode of archaeological discoveries,

Vindolanda, a Roman auxiliary fort in Northumberland just south of Hadrian's Wall, is a huge motherlode of archaeological discoveries,

The Jews had an uneasy place in the Roman empire. Romans were suspicious of people who insisted on practicing minority religions, and between 63 AD and 135 AD, Jews staged three major revolts against Roman authority. The third rebellion led to a brutal crackdown by Emperor Hadrian. One ancient historian estimates that the Romans killed 580,000 Jews to put down the rebellion, and many more were sold into slavery.

Roman troops first invaded the area under Pompey in 63 BC, and after 40 BC it was ruled as a Roman client state (shown here in green) by King Herod. Not long after Herod died, the Romans created the province of Judea,